Discover Your Ancestors in Newspapers 1690-Today All 50 States!
Enter Last Name

Monday, November 28, 2011

My Father was a Cook

This comes from the "Freedom of the City Admission Papers" for London, England, 1681-1925 on What is the name of the person being apprenticed and his father. It is in the index in an interesting way. 


  1. Francis Clark, son of ffrancis Clark Cittizen a Cook of London.....

    I have an Irish ancestor who spelled his name "ffennell" MacCarthy so that odd "ff" isn't new to me.

  2. I believe that the double ff is called a "skeletal capital" and is simply an alternative way of writing a capital F. So both father and son would be Francis Clark.

    One of my ancestors was also in the Worshipful Company of Cooks. His son was apprenticed to a Vintner.

  3. I agree with Judy M. and Iain M. above

  4. Ian is correct about the double ff.
    Incidentally, the entry also shows that Francis the father was "dec'd" ie deceased.
    So much information in one small sentence.

  5. I also agree: Francis Clark son of ffrancis Clark

  6. Francis Clark son of ffrancis [indicating Francis] Clark

    is it. has it indexed as Francis Tark.

  7. I think indexers try to do too much at a time. I've been transcribing from the 1910 Wabash County census on their site. Some of there mistakes seem so off what I see, that I believe they work until it all runs together. Stmrln for Strickler (for example) — of course Strickler is my maiden name, so maybe that doesn't count. But La Layette is on the same page, where I believe most people would see LaFayette.